Benedetta Castagna

Architecture PhD Student


REGENERATION STRATEGIES FOR THE CREATION OF SUSTAINABLE URBAN CLUSTERS. THE CASE STUDY OF THE MARCHE REGION IN ITALY.

The Marche is a unique Italian region with a fragmented territory and over 70% of the municipalities with less than 5,000 inhabitants. The fast and uncontrolled development after WWII led to an uncontrolled movement of people accentuated by the 2008 crisis and 2016 earthquake with a constant abandonment of the hinterland, increasing soil consumption of the major economic “poles” and expanding the coastal municipalities.

This research aims to define general guidelines for the Marche regeneration, focusing on a precise category of cities with a population between 15,000 and 30,000 inhabitants. The pilot case studies, Tolentino and Vallefoglia, are two cities forming urban clusters with the surrounding smaller towns.

A case study mixed-method approach investigates a polycentric, synergistic and cultural growth paradigm. The research is based on a comparative analysis of regeneration projects and regional strategies in Tuscany. Data for the pilot case studies are collected through fieldwork and structured and unstructured interviews.

Through data analysis, a full-scale plan is developed based on pilot outcomes. The guidelines identified through the case studies provide frameworks and approaches for regeneration projects of similar areas and regions, contributing to the debate on how best practices should involve all stakeholders in the process of urban renewal.